JASSD - Journal of African Studies and Sustainable Development (Vol. 6 No. 1, 2023) A CRITIQUE OF JULIUS NYERERE’S THEORY OF UJAMAA Akpa Matthew Ikechukwu


In his effort to redefine the African concepts and ideologies, Julius Nyerere was poised to develop a theory which he thought could be a remedial in actualizing this task. This theory which he called Ujamaa was targeted for re-identification of the Africans. Ujamaa was a socialist theory which fosters the sense of brotherhood and oneness in the African society. This research therefore shall adopt a qualitative research design where data shall be sourced from books, journals, periodicals, internets and encyclopedia to examine the basis of Nyerere's theory. In view of this, the expository, analytical and evaluative methods shall be employed. The expository shall be employed to establish Nyerere’s notion of socialism, the analytical shall be used to x-ray the concept of socialism and the evaluative method shall be employed to make a critique of Nyerere's concept of socialism, thereby ascertaining the strength and weaknesses of Ujamaa. However, from the studies so far, it is discovered that African Socialism has fatally failed as a socio-economic blueprint for African countries. Then one is tempted to say that African socialism is nothing but a myth. A story told to explain the nature of man and the society in ancient Africa. Hence, the need to look for another blue-print for the development of Africa and "deliverance" from the present quagmire.

Keywords: African Socialism, Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa, Familihood

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